Course objectives To give an integrative and critical overview of scientific terminology, scientific methodology and specific scientific topics and problems from the perspective of logic and philosophy of science.
Learning outcomes expected at the level of the course 1) Understanding philosophical and logical questions related to scientific activity, 2) acquiring competence of independent and cooperative research activity in further education and professional work, 3) ability of understanding and using scientific concepts, 4) ability of 'translating' specific scientific terminology to and from pretheoretical conceptual framework of general and academic public.
Course contentBerislav ŽarnićFundamental forms of scientific knowledge: causality and natural sciences, rationality and humanities and social sciences. The logical structure of proofs and the properties of consequence relation. The logical form of the explanations of natural events and the choice of the explanatory hypothesis. The logical form of the understanding of human action. The expressive power of scientific languages and the indeterminacy of meaning. Objecitivity of scientific knowledge as intersubjective testability and its communicative conditions of possibility.
.Gabriela BašićLogic, argumentation and critical thinking. Fallacies: classification and analysis.
.Tonći KokićDefinition of science and biology. Theory of evolution and Darwinian logic. Alternative theories of evolution. Challenges to the theory of evolution.
.Dario Škarica and Ljudevit Hanžek Theories of consciousness with regard to mind-body problem. Theories of consciousness with regard to problem of the relationship between propositional attitudes and phenomenal character. Materialist theories of consciousness: identity theories, physicalism and supervenience, eliminative materialism. Dualist theories of consciousness: phenomenal qualities, explanatory gap, Jackson's knowledge argument, Chalmers and philosophical zombies. Higher-order theories of consciousness: Armstrong, Lycan, Carruthers. Representational theories of consciousness (Dretske, Tye); self-representation (Brentano, Kriegel). History of the problem of consciousness (introspectionism, behaviorism, cognitive psychology). Methodological and epistemological problem of consciousness.